Figure 1. Boryspil International Airport (Source: Google Maps)
Statistic data collected showcases that Boryspil International Airport in Ukraine accounts for over 60% of the overall passengers and over 70% of the total air cargo. In 2019, the airport carried over 15 million and accounted for 110,000 aircraft movements. The airport is equipped with two runways, two passenger terminals (which can carry 3,000 PAX/hour) and is open 24 hours a day.
In the Ukrainian legislative framework, noise thresholds are defined for determining the eligibility for façade sound insulation under certain circumstances. Limits have been introduced at airports individually for the daytime and the night-time flights (no fees are established in case of non-compliance).
According to the Law of Ukraine "On Environmental Impact Assessment" which implements Directive 2011/92/ EU "On the Assessment of the Effects of Certain Public and Private Projects on the Environment", reconstruction of airports with the runway more than 1600 m length is obligatory a subject for a procedure of environmental impact assessment including noise factor engaging public and local residents for discussions.
All Ukrainian airports implemented noise maps under requirements of noise protection zones. Noise maps are created through computer modelling techniques and are to be verified using actual noise measurements. EU Directives related to Environmental Noise and Noise Related Operating Restrictions are not transposed in the National legal system of Ukraine, therefore, not implemented for environmental noise control.