- Advice from other airports
- Noise management interventions
- Addressing non-acoustic factors
Directly addressing non-acoustic factors known to exacerbate immediate impacts such as annoyance and sleep disturbance – this is usually achieved through enhanced communication and engagement either as part of a noise management intervention or as a separated dedicated communication/engagement activity intended to improve airport-community relationships, perceptions of fairness/control, etc. Examples include improvement noise metrics to enhance community comprehension, general availability of noise/operational information, efforts to include affected communities in noise management decisions, and community engagement in influencing airport benefits’ distribution. Options can also include the provision of compensation for community noise exposure.