ANIMA has not been shaped to provide benefits for tiny fractions of people interested in or affected by aviation noise but for the widest community. We are strongly expecting our project to be of benefit to a wide range of stakeholders
Communities living around airports
Community living around airports are the primary targets of ANIMA. They are obviously enduring the noise impact, and reducing noise must keep on being a chief objective of the aviation policies led at various levels. Though, surveys show that for similar levels of noise, some communities around airports are complaining and some are not. Thus, we do know that beyond noise, non-acoustical factors are strongly affecting the capacity of communities to tolerate or to compensate the annoyance. Analysing, disseminating and implementing mechanisms and measures that are actually allowing communities to accept reasonable levels of noise through engagement and/or compensation is the first objective of ANIMA.
Airport managers and local authorities
Airport managers or local authorities that they are depending on are often facing opposite incentives: they must enforce stringent regulations to ensure the lowest levels of nuisance to their neighbourhood, including noise, while being urged and often keen to develop local economy through traffic growth. Various bodies – especially the ICAO – enacted balanced approaches to harmonize these diverging requirements. However, some airports are more successful than others in implementing efficient practices to mitigate the annoyance. Through reviewing and exemplifying existing practices, ANIMA will help to identify and spread the best practices to a wide set of European airports, taking into account their particularities.
Researchers and the European aircraft industry
Important European and national research programmes have already led to a significant aviation noise reduction. Though, the traffic growth and an increased sensitivity to noise and other environmental concerns made these progresses mostly unnoticeable for neighbouring communities, especially in Europe. Moreover technological limitations and some regulations effects are likely to curb further progresses on noise reduction. In this context, we strongly believe that ANIMA – through its very multidisciplinary approach – will significantly increase the research efficiency: in connecting annoyance factors to design processes, we aim at giving to engineers as well as to operational planners, tools allowing them to design aircraft and to imagine traffic patterns that would lower annoyance. ANIMA will thus help to make the link between technological developments and environmental concerns.
European policy-makers and decisional bodies are eager to achieve a better outlook and planning of forthcoming progresses on community noise and to strengthen a vibrant European research network for reinforcing the efficiency of associated research. ANIMA is exactly fulfilling this mission by gathering a critical mass of researchers, by providing and maintaining sound roadmaps on aircraft noise and by proposing from past and present works further developments.