ANIMA is a wide-reaching project consisting of research, engagement and the creation of case studies and visualisation tools to help stakeholders make the best possible solutions both economically and socially for reducing noise pollution around airports. The project is based on four axes:
Axis 1 is about analysing the current way through which airports are managing noise regulations and annoyance. It is mostly a work of review intending to analysis how the various levels of regulations are actually implemented by airports. This work will also review the huge amount of scientific findings on annoyance and health impacts to check how far recent findings have been taken in consideration by airports authorities in their way to cope with the issue. Eventually, we will attempt to find out the “best practices” implemented by some airports, the ones which are increasing the Quality of Life of neighbouring communities either by mitigating annoyance or by engaging communities in decision processes leading to a kind of consensus. These “Best practices” and recommendations will be exemplified, tested with partnering airports and proposed for dissemination to other European airports.
Axis 2 focuses on better understanding annoyance. Annoyance is not only noise intensity. We do know that, for given levels of noise, expression of annoyance increased continuously for years. We know also that there are different kinds of annoyance: bad sleep or awakening caused by emerging noise during nights is not the same thing that difficulties to concentrate at work or at school. Indeed, many factors are influence annoyance, whatever acoustical factors (such as emergence or noise patterns) or non-acoustical factors. In ANIMA we would like to explore more thoroughly these non-acoustical factors. Ideally we aim at complementing the existing intensity-averaged noise maps by dynamic profile-dependent annoyance maps.
Axis 3 is supporting Axis 2. To understand annoyance, we must be able to test noise scenarios with given flightpaths, fleets and aircraft. Axis 3 is developing a new series of tools that will allow volunteers to test no only the existing traffic around given airports but also some of their possible evolutions with new aircraft or flight scenarios. We will also attempt to embed findings about acoustical factors (from Axes 2 & 3) in refined mathematical models of annoyance. Therefore there are feedbacks between Axis 2 and Axis 3 which are mutually nurturing. Axis 3 is also in connection with Axis 4.
Axis 4 is about the Global Coordination of the European Research on Aviation noise. Through this axis, ANIMA is animating the wider network of European experts and Stakeholders to maintain and enrich the Common Strategic Research Roadmap on Aviation noise. Connections will be reinforced with National Focal points as well as with teams involved in other European and national projects. ANIMA will attempt to colour technological steps forward on reduction of noise at source by considerations on annoyance. More broadly, such coordination will help giving recommendations to the European Commission for future research and to policy-makers for relevant regulations.
You can find out about specific aspects of the project by clicking the boxes below.
Noise impact mitigation requires effective interventions that both reduce noise exposure and address non-acoustical factors.
To conduct research aiming to reduce the noise impact in the vicinity of airports beyond best practices, more knowledge on new and effective interventions, besides the reduction of the noise exposure itself, is required.
To enhance the decision capability of both specialists and non-specialists, noise management toolsets will be developed.
Elaborating a common strategic research roadmap for aviation noise reduction in order to enhance coherence and efficiency of noise research in Europe, ensure and reinforce coordination between national, international and EU research activities.